Types of Clubs – What Are The Golf Clubs?

Ladies golf club sets

Ladies golf club sets

The two of the basic requirements of golf are the golf clubs and the golf ball. I will be discussing “all you need to know about the necessary nomenclature, and the types of golf clubs” in this article. There are five categories of golf clubs, which are:

  • Irons
  • Woods
  • Hybrids
  • Wedges
  • Putters

Let’s discuss each of them one by one.


Here is everything you need to know about the irons.

Naming Convention:

They are known as irons because their clubhead is made up of metal (iron/steel – nowadays, it is steel). All such golf clubs as the TaylorMade M6 irons are known as irons.

There are eight types of irons. Each iron is recognized by a different number, which is usually engraved on the clubhead’s sole.

Types of Irons and their uses:

The irons are divided into three sets, which are:

*): Loft is the angle of the clubface that controls trajectory and affects the distance

You should also know that a golf club can be divided into three self-explanatory parts: 1) Clubhead, 2) the Shaft, and 3) Grip.

Style of Irons:

There are two styles of irons as per the shape of the clubhead. The clubheads of irons are thin from front to back, and they are grooved. The clubheads come either with a cavity or without a cavity.

The irons with cavity club heads are known as cavity back, and the others without cavity are known as “muscle-back” or “blade style” irons.

taylormande m2 2016

The beginners and occasional players prefer to use the irons with cavity clubheads, and the experienced ones use the irons without cavity clubhead. The cavity creates an effect during the golf ball’s hitting, known as the “perimeter weighting.”

The perimeter weighting effect offers more forgiveness; that is why the cavity back golf clubs are known as the game improvement irons, making them the preferred choice for beginners and occasional players.

Customizing Options

The irons can be customized; you can choose any golf clubs with various shaft lengths and irons to serve you better.

Final Word on Irons

If you are a beginner or a novice golf player, choose the iron with the cavity to avail the perimeter weighting advantages. Use this article as a guide to choose the right iron.

If you are an intermediate or a pro golf player, choose the blade irons to strengthen your game further.


Here is everything you want to know about Woods.

Naming Convention:

These golf clubs are known as woods because, in the early years of golf, their clubhead was made from specific hardwood, the persimmon. The contemporary clubheads of woods are made up of metal titanium, steel, or composite material.

To differentiate them from irons, they are nowadays also known as metal woods. The golf clubs which have smaller, thinner and metallic heads are irons. On the other hand, the golf clubs, which are big-heads, are called woods.

The woods have 1) longer shafts and 2) larger and more round club heads. Their primary role is to hit the ball with longer distances.

callaway Rogue

Types of Woods and their Role

There different types of woods depending on their number.  They are numbered from lower to higher, starting from 1-wood, which is also known as Driver. The wood of each number has different lofts; the lowest number means the lowest loft and so on.

Different brands have a different number of systems of woods. That means a 2-Woods of X brand can have a different loft than the 2-Woods of a Y brand.

The woods are generally classified into two classes:

  • Driver

The Driver is also known as 1-wood. It is the lowest lofted, yet longest and the lightest club. It is used to launch the ball to the longest distance. The Driver is provided with an oversized head and maximized sweet spot. It has made the Driver a specialized and one-purpose club to hit the ball off the tee to the greens.

  • Fairway Woods

They are higher-numbered wood. As the name suggests, they are used to hit the turf’s ball to cover a longer distance. They are mostly shorter and have a stiffer shaft, with a smaller clubhead ad more loft than 2-wood.

They have two design patterns:

  1. Higher loft
  2. Shallower face

The higher loft allows the player to hit the ball off the turf while the shallower face allows the player to get the ball on the face’s center.

Specifications of Woods

Woods’ Shaft and its Length

Weight is an important consideration while deciding about the shafts. Therefore, the graphite shafts are preferred for woods.

The maximum legal length is 48 inches as per USGA. The shaft length varies. It varies from 40 – 48 inches; however, the Driver’s standard length is 45 inches.

Final Words on Woods

The woods are lighter than the iron golf clubs used to hit the ball with longer distance. They are the preferred choice of the intermediate and pro players.


ping g400 hybrid driver

Naming Convention: Hybrid golf clubs, in short – Hybrids, are the amalgamation of the irons and woods. Since they are a mix of both, the hybrids have the qualities of both the irons and the woods.

Why Hybrids: A Case in Example

The long irons such as (1 – 4 numbered) are challenging to hit mainly because of their tiny faces. Therefore, the players prefer to choose woods. However, the swing mechanics of woods is challenging to master. The solution to this problem is Hybrids.

Design of Hybrids & Note of Caution

Many manufacturers combine any one or two qualities of woods into irons and sell them as hybrids. They are technically hybrids, as they have the qualities of both the woods and the irons.

But in fact, they are more irons than woods or vice versa. Therefore, caution must be exercised before finalizing to buy the hybrids.

Most of the hybrids are designed to replace the same numbered iron as they have the same loft, length, and weight. For instance, a number 7 (#7) hybrid is replacing the number 7 (#7) irons.


  1. Often used for long shots instead of long irons. The hybrid loft and their equivalent irons are given in the following table.

  1. Remember, if in a tricky situation, use Hybrids.
  2. They are mostly the direct replacements of fairway woods.

Final Word about Hybrids

The hybrids are game-changing versatile clubs. They can be used for hitting the ball off the tee or for chipping, and for multiple other situations.

The Irons, Woods and Hybrids Equivalent Chart

It is essential to know the equivalent of every category of Irons, Woods, and Hybrids. in the following chart, the equivalent irons, woods, and hybrids in the Thomas Golf AT – 705 are shown.


The Wedges belong to the family of irons, which are also known as special-purpose irons. Technically, the wedges have the heaviest clubheads, the shortest shafts, and the highest lofts.

Naturally, a player makes precise and accurate short distance shots to get the ball out of a hazard onto the green. Thus, the wedges are used in similar scenarios. The wedges are also used to get the ball out of the soft lies. The soft lies include mud, thick grass, and mud. The wedges are therefore engineered with modified soles.

Categories of Wedges

The wedges are categorized into four categories.

  1. Pitching Wedge (PW)
  2. Sand Wedges (SW)
  3. Gap / Approach Wedges
  4. Lob Wedges

Pitching Wedge (PW)

PW is the lowest lofted wedge with a loft of 44 – 48 degrees. It is used to hit the short-range shots. It is used for 1) full shots in the greens and 2) a few longer chip shots. Most of the golf sets nowadays must contain a lower lofted pitching wedge.

Gap Wedge (GW)

After the PW comes to the GW with a higher loft than the PW, they have a 50 – 53 degrees loft. They are also known as the utility wedge or the attach wedge. GWs fill the gap between the pitching wedge and the sand wedge, and thus the name, Gap Wedge. They have a moderate amount of bounce.

Sand Wedge (SW)

The SW has a higher loft than the GW; they have a loft of about 54 – 58 degrees with a 10-degree bounce. These wedges are used to help play from the soft lies, such as sand bunkers, etc. It was the highest lofted wedge till the invention of the Lob Wedges.

XE1 Wedge

Lob Wedges (LW)

The LWs are the latest wedge designs. It has a loft of 60 – 64 degrees, the highest among all types of wedges. The LW helps the players to have more height and more excellent spin.

It is mostly used for 1) hit chips, 2) flop shots, and 3) the bunker shots. The LW is used when the player needs 1) extreme launch angle, 2) short carry distance, or 3) no rolling distance after impact.

Shafts and Wedges

Almost all the wedges come with a steel shaft. However, the graphite set of golf clubs come with the graphite shaft.

Final Word about Wedges

At least one wedge must be a part of the golf bag or the golf set. However, the decision to use and take which wedge must entirely be based on the course, weather conditions, and game requirements.


A  putter is a type of golf club used to strike the ball for a relatively short distance at a low speed. It is used to finally roll the ball into the hole from a short distance. The putters have a distinct face than any of the other golf clubs. A flat and low-loft striking face differentiates the shape of the putter.

The bent shafts, positional guides, and non-circular grips are also essential putters, only allowed on them. It is a crucial golf club which has a specialized use. Virtually no golf bag or golf set is without a putter.

Putters and Degree of Freedom

The more body joints that can be easily bent or twisted during putting hit, the more degrees of freedom a player has when putting. The greater degree of freedom does give more flexibility and feel but also results in inconsistent putts.

A golf player has six degrees of freedom, 1) Hands, 2) Wrists, 3) Elbows,4)  Shoulders,5)  Waist, and 6) Knees.

S7k Putter Full View

Types of Putters

The following are the types of putters

  1. Normal Shaft Putter
  2. Belly Shaft Putter
  3. Long Shaft Putter

The standard shaft putters are of shaft length of 32 – 35 inches, while the belly shaft putter is 34 – 40 inches length and the longer shaft putter is 38 – 44 inches in length.

The longer the shaft length, the lesser the degree of freedom, meaning thereby that the golf player has lesser joints to move, offering consistent shots. While this is good for new or intermediate golf players, it is very limiting for the pro golf player.

Final Words about Putters

A putter is a must for a golf set. The shaft length of the putter determines the degree of freedom. Therefore, the putter’s shaft length must be chosen to keep in view the player’s expertise level.

Thank you for reading our guide on the Types of Clubs. You might also be interested in reading about the Mizuno JPX 919.

Also check:

Irons vs hybrid golf clubs